Heteronyms

Also known as a homograph, an heteronym is a word that is spelt the same way as another word but has a different meaning and pronunciation. For example, lead, pronounced LEED, means to guide. However, lead, pronounced LED, means a metallic element. Another example is gill, pronounced GIL, meaning a breathing organ, and gill, pronounced JIL, a measure. There are many more.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

absentNot presentTo keep oneself away
accentManner of speaking peculiar to an individualLay stress upon
addictCause to become dependent on somethingOne who has become addicted
adeptHighly skilledOne who is completely versed in any science or art
advocateOne who defend or promotes a causePlead in favour of, recommend
affectExert an influence uponPretend, feignEmotion or emotional state
affixTo fix, fasten, attachAn addition
agapeGapingFeast held by early Christians
aggregateCollect togetherCollected together
agoraPublic square in ancient Greek townMonetary unit of Israel
alloyMixture of metalsTo mix with anything inferior
allyUnite by treatyState, person, group etc. that has an alliance with anotherSuperior kind of playing-marble
alternateHappen by turnsSwitch back & forth
animateGive life toEndowed with life
ares100 square meter units(capitalised) Greek god of war
arsenicSemi-metallic elementOf or containing arsenic
asLike, to the same degreeRoman copper coin
aspiratePronounce with an exalation of breathPronounced with an exhalation of breath
aspirationThe act of breathingThe act of desiring eagerly
attributeA characteristicRegard as caused by
augmentIncrease; extendGrammatical prefix used in older Indo-European language
axesPlural of axePlural of axis
ayeAffirmative voteFor ever, all eternity

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B

bashStrike, so as to smash or hurtDismay, abash
bassDeepest male voice: stringed instrumentA fishInner bark of the lime tree
bourgeoisMiddleclass personA size of type
bowA ornamental knot; A weaponLower the headFront of a ship
buffetStrike repeatedlyRefreshment room or counter

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C

caveHollow place in a rock or undergroundLook out!
chelaA claw (as of a lobster or crab)A student in esoteric Buddhism
closeTo shutNear
collectGather together in one bodyA brief prayer
combineBring togetherGroup of companiesThreshing machine
committeeAn elected boardPerson to whom care of another person or property is committed
communeGroup living together and sharing property and responsibilitiesIntimately converse togetherIntimate conversation
compactClosely packedA make-up caseAn agreement, bargain
complementThat which is necessary to make something completeTo be a complement to
complimentAn expression of praiseTo pay compliments to
compositeMade up of distinct partsTo merge for presentation
compoundCompose of two or more elementsTo make into one wholeAn open enclosure
compressSqueeze or press togetherPad used to stop bleeding
concertPublic musical entertainmentPlan, arrange mutually
concreteExisting, realA cementTo coalesce
conductBehaviorTo lead
confederateUnited in a leagueTo unite in a league
confineShut up, imprisonA boundry, limit
confiscateTo take or seizeConfiscated
conflictTo act againstA fight or disagreement
conjureTo affect by magical influenceTo appeal to by a sacred name
conscriptCompulsorily enrolled in armed forceTo enlist compulsorily
consoleTo comfortControl panelUpright cabinet
consortA companionTo associateGroup of musical instruments
constructTo buildSomething constructed
contentVolume, amount, meaningSatisfied
contestTo argue, contend, competeA competition
contractMake smaller, shorten, shrinkA formal agreement
contraryOppositeWayward, perverse
contrastSet in opposition, so as to show the difference betweenOpposition or unlikeness of things
converseOpposite or contraryTo talk
convertTo changeOne whose belief has changed
convictProve guiltyA sentenced criminal
coordinateOf the same order, rank, power, etc.To make coordinate
copulateTo have sexual intercourseJoined, connected
coronalOf or relating to a crownA circlet or coronet
corrugateTo contract or bend into wrinkles or foldsWrinkled
counterbalanceTo weigh againstEqual weight acting in opposition
coupA decisive blowTo upset, overturn
cumulateTo accumulateHeaped up, accumulated

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D

debarkTo disembarkTo remove the bark from
defectAn imperfectionTo desert one's country or cause for the other side
deferentDeferentialSomething which carries or conveys
defileTo make foul or dirtyA long, narrow pass or passage, a gorge
degenerateHaving fallen from a better to worse stateTo fall off in quality, deteriorate
delegateA representative, deputy, agentTo depute as a delegate, agent, etc.
deliberateDone intentionallyTo consider
derogateTo detract, to withdraw a part (from)Debased, degenerated
descantA song, melodyTo comment or discourse at length (on)
desertAbandonArid, barren regionWhat one deserves
designateTo indicate, markNominated to but not yet holding an office
desolateForsaken, solitary, lonelyTo deprive of inhabitants
deviateTo turn asideOne who deviates from the norm
dictateTo read or recite to anotherAn order, injunction, direction
diffuseTo pour forthDiffused, scattered, spread out
digestTo absorb foodA summary
directrixLine determining the motion of a pointA female director
dischargeTo unload from a ship, vehicle, etc.; to emitThe act of discharging, unloading
discordLack of agreementTo be out of harmony (with)
discountA deductionTo deduct
discourseTalk, conversationTo talk, to speak, to converse
discriminateTo make a distinction or differenceDistinctive
disuseA cessation of useTo cease to use
ditA word representing the dot in spoken Morse codeNamed; reputed
divaricateTo diverge into branches or forksSpreading irregularly and wide apart
diversSeveral, sundryPlural of DIVER
doesPerformsPlural of female deer
doveA birdJumped off
drawerSliding boxlike compartmentOne who draws
duplicateA double, twofoldTo make or be a reproduction of

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E

ejaculateTo exclaimTo ejectSemen which has been ejaculated
ejectTo discharge, emitSomething inferred to have an actual existence
elaborateCarefully or highly wroughtTo develop in detail
emarginateTo take away the edge or margin ofWith the margin notched
emasculateTo castrate; to make effeminateCastrated; enfeebled, effeminate
entranceWay in; the act of enteringPut into state of ecstasy, enrapture
escortArmed guard attending a person, etcTo act as an escort to
estimateTo compute the value of, appraiseAn approximate calculation of the value, number, extent, etc. of
excerptTo make an extract of or fromAn extract or selection from a book, play, film, etc.
exciseA tax or dutyTo impose an excise duty on
excuseTo free from blame or guilt; to pardonA pretended reason
expatriateTo exileA person living away from their own country
explantTo remove (living tissue) to a medium for tissue cultureA piece of living tissue removed for culture
exploitA feat, a great or noble achievementTo make use of, derive benefit from
exportTo carry or send to foreign countriesThe act or process of exporting
extractTo draw or pull outThat which is extracted

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F

fenLow, flat and marshy landA small Chinese coin
fermentCommotion, tumult, agitationTo excite fermentation in
fibrillate(Of a fibre) to split into fibrilsOf or relating to fibrils
filsA monetary unit of Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and YemenThe son; junior
fineExcellent in quality, form or appearanceA sum of money imposed as a penaltyOld liqueur brandy
flagellateTo whip, beat, scourgeHaving whiplike outgrowths
foliateTo split or disintegrate into thin laminaeLeaflike, leaf-shaped
foretasteExperience (of) beforehandTo taste beforehand
forteA person's strong pointMusically, with loudness or force
fragmentA piece broken off(To cause) to break into fragments
frequentOccurring often, commonTo visit or resort to often or habitually
frustrateTo make ineffectiveVain, of no effect
fulminateTo lighten or thunderA salt of fulminic acid

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G

germinateUnited or arranged in pairsTo double, to arrange in pairs
genialOf a cheerful and kindly dispositionOf, relating to or near the chin
gillRespiritory organ of a fishDeep, narrow ravineLiquid measure
gorgonianRelating to a gorgonHorny coral of order Gorgonacea
graduateTo be awarded a university degreeA person who has received a university degree

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H

houseA dwellingTo lodge, shelter

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I

illegitimateBorn of unmarried parentsTo render or declare illegitimate
imbricateTo overlap like tilesArranged in an imbricated fashion
impactA collisionTo press or drive firmly together
implantTo plant for the purpose of growthSomething implanted
importTo bring from a foreign countrySomething which is imported from abroad
impressProduce a favourable effect onAct of marking by pressure or with a stamp
imprintTo impress, to stampA mark, stamp or impression
incarnateEmbodied in fleshTo embody in flesh
incenseA burnt perfumeInflame, enrage
inclineTo be disposed (to)An inclined plane; a slope, a gradient
incorporateTo unite or combine into one bodyCombined into one body or corporation
increaseTo become greater in quantity, number, etc.The process of increasing; growth
indentTo make recesses in, notchAn indention or recess
ingrainTo cause to permeate somethingDyed in the grain or yarn
initiateTo begin or originateA person who has been initiated
inlayTo lay or insert inMaterial inlaid or prepared for inlaying
insetA piece let into a dress, etc.To set or fix (in)
insideSituated within; interiorIn or into the interior, within
instinctAn innate impulseAnimated or impelled from within
insultTo offendAn affront
integrateTo combine into a wholeMade up of integrant parts
interceptTo obstruct; to stop; to shut offThe part of a line that is intercepted
interchangeTo exchange with each otherReciprocal exchange
interdictAn official prohibitionTo forbid; to prohibit
intermediateComing betweenTo mediate
internTo confineAssistant surgeon, physician
interspaceIntervening spaceTo put space between
intimateClose in friendshipTo make known
intrigueTo plot or schemeThe act of intriguing
introvertA shy, reflective personTo turn inwards
invalidNot validAn ill person
invertTo turn upside downAn inverted arch
inviteTo request courteouslyAn invitation
ironyContaining or resembling ironExpression used in humour or sarcasm

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J

jubilateTo exultThe 100th Psalm

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L

lacerateTo tear, to mangleHaving the edge in irregular segments
lactateTo secrete or produce milkA salt of lactic acid
leadTo conduct, to guideA soft malleable metal
leadingStrips of leadChief, main, principal
LamedMade lame12th letter of Hebrew alphabet
latherFoam or sudsOne who installs laths
liveTo have lifeAlive, living
liverA person who livesA glandular organA fabulous bird

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M

mareFemale equine creatureDarkish area of the moon
mediateTo interpose betweenIntervening, indirect, secondary
minuteThe 60th part of an hourVery small
miscountTo count wronglyA mistake in counting
miscreateTo create wrongly or badlyDeformed, shapeless
misfieldTo field (cricket ball, baseball etc.) badlyAn act of misfielding
misfitA bad fitTo fail to fit
mishitTo hit wronglyAn instance of hitting wrongly
miskickTo kick (a ball) badlyAn instance of miskicking
mismatchTo match unsuitablyAn unsuitable match
misprintTo print incorrectlyA mistake in printing
moderateTemperate, reasonable, mildTo reduce to a calmer state
mopedWas dull or dispiritedMotorised pedal cycle
mouthAn opening in the faceTo utter pompously
multiplyPerform mathematical operationIn a multiple manner

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N

nearbyClose at handSituated close at hand
nitrateA salt of nitric acidTo treat or combine with nitric acid
nominativeThe case of the subject of a verbAppointed by nomination
noneNo one, not anyIn Roman Catholic Church, the nones
nucleateHaving a nucleusTo form into a nucleus
numberMeasure of quantityMore numb
numerateAble to countTo number

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O

objectTo opposeA material thing 

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P

paceA stepWith the permission of
palatineRelating to the palateRelating to a palace
parabolicRelating to a parableRelating to the form of a parabola
pastyLike pasteSmall pie
pensionA periodical allwance for past servicesA boarding house
perfectComplete, precise, exactTo make perfect
perforateTo pierce, make holes inPerforated
perfumeA sweet smellTo impregnate with a sweet odour
permitTo give permission to or forAn order to permit, warrant
pervertTo put to improper useA person who has been perverted
pianoA musical instrumentIn a subdued manner
pontificateThe office of a bishop or popeTo celebrate (Mass etc.) as a bishop
precipitateTo throw headlongHeadlong
predicateTo affirmThat which is predicated
prefixTo put in front ofA part-word added at beginning of a word
presageAn omen, a prognosticTo foreshadow
presentAt this timeA giftIntroduce formally
processA method of proceedingTo go in procession
produceBring forthGoods yielded
progressA moving or going forwardTo move forward
projectPlan, scheme, designJut out, protrude
prospectAn extensive view of a landscapeTo search, to explore
prostrateLying flat or proneTo lay flat
protestTo make a solemn affirmationThe act, or an instance, of protesting
purportTo convery as the meaningMeaning, tenor, sense

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Q

quadrateSquare, rectangularTo square

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R

rampageRush wildly, rage, stormBoisterous, excited, violent behaviour
randanA boat worked by three rowersA spree
ravenA large, black birdTo devour with voracity
realActually existingMonetary unit of BrazilOld Spanish silver coin
rebelOne who resistsAct in rebellion
reboundTo bound back, recoilThe act of rebounding
recallTo call backA calling back
recitativePassage of singing in speech rhythmRelating to recitative
recordTo registerA permanent account
recreationEntertaining pastimeSomething that is remade
refundTo pay backAn act of refunding money
refuseTo declineRejected as valueless
regenerateTo generate anewRegenerated, renewed
rejectTo put aside, discard, cast offSomething which has been rejected
rejoinTo join againTo answer, reply, retort
relayPut down again (as a carpet)Supply of fresh people, horses, etcSpread information, etc
remitTo transmit (cash etc.) especially by postThe extent of responsibility
reprimandA severe reproofTo reprove severely
resentTo regard as an injury or insultSent again
resignQuit, admit defeat, surrenderSign again
rotateTo revolve round an axis or centre(Of a calyx etc.) wheel-shaped

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S

sageneA fishing netA Russian measure of length
sakeEnd, purposeFermented rice liquor
salSalt (used only with qualifying word)A large Indian timber tree
salveA healing ointmentTo save from destructionA Roman Catholic antiphon
sardineThe sardiusThe fish Clupea pilchardus
saturateFill with moisture(Of a colour) intense, deep
secondImmediately following the firstUnit of timeTo transfer temporarily to another department etc.
segregateTo separate from othersIn zoology, simple, solitary, not compound
separateTo disuniteDisconnected, considered apart
serrateSerratedTo give a sawlike edge to
sewerOne who sewsUnderground channel for refuse
showerOne who showsA fall of rain, etc. of short duration
sineA trigonometric functionWithout, lacking
slaverA person who deals in slavesTo let saliva flow from the mouth
sloughA place full of mud, a bog, etcThe cast skin of a snake
solaAn East Indian plantFeminine of solus (in stage directions etc., alone)
soughTo make a murmuring, sighing soundA drain, a sewer, a water-channel
sowTo scatter seedA female pig
stipulateTo make specific demandsHaving stipules
subcontractEmploy a company etc. to carry out work as part of a larger projectA secondary contract
subjectTopic under considerationCause to undergo
sub-leaseA lease of property by a lesseeTo grant or obtain a sublease of
sub-letA sub-letting, a sub-leaseTo sub-lease, to let (property already rented)
sublimateTo divert by sublimationThe product of sublimation
subordinateInferior (to) in order, rank etc.To make subordinate
supplyIn a supple fashionTo furnish with what is wanted
surveyTo look over, take a general view ofThe act or process of surveying
suspectTo imagine to existA person suspected of crime etc.
syndicateAn association of people or firmsTo combine in a syndicate

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T

tearPull forcibly apartFluid from eye
titiA small South American monkeyAn evergreen shrub of the family Cyrillaceae
tonA measure of weightThe prevailing fashion or mode
tormentExtreme pain or anguishTo subject to torment
toutTo solicit custom persistentlyAll, whole
transectTo cut acrossA sample strip of land used for study
transferTo convey from one place to anotherThe removal from one place to another
transformTo change the form ofThe result of a mathematical or linguistic transformation
transplantTo remove & plant in another placeThe surgical procedure for transplanting an organ
transportTo carry from one place to anotherConveyance from one place to another
tuanA flying phalanger(In Malay-speaking countries) sir, lord
tuberoseTuberousA bulbous plant, Polianthes tuberoas

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U

undulateTo have a wavy motionWavy, moving in & out or up & down
upsetTo overturn, disconcertThe act of upsetting
useThe act of usingTo employ

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V

valeA valleyA farewell
violaInstrument like a large violinPlant of genus Viola
vivaAn exclamation of joy or applauseA viva voce examination

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W

windAir in motionTurn, twist, coilSound by blowing
wonPast tense of WINMonetary unit of North & South Korea
woofSound of a dogThreads that cross the warp, weft
woundInjury to skin or fleshCoiled up

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