Blacksmith
Butler
Carpenter
Coachman
Farmer
Gamekeeper
Gardener
Housekeeper
Husbandman
Innkeeper
Labourer
Miller
Parish Clerk
Schoolmaster
Servant
Shepherd
Shoemaker
Steward
Tailor
Vicar
Waiting Woman
Weaver
Yeoman

1517-1648: Reformation Era
The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century began with Martin Luther's challenge to the church at Rome in 1517. Once this spark was lit in Germany, it spread quite rapidly--showing how ripe Europe was for a regeneration of its centuries-old Christianity. The work started by Luther was followed by John Calvin and others in Switzerland, by John Knox in Scotland, and in England by King Henry VIII's break with Rome. Once the unity of European Christianity was broken, there seemed to be no end to the creation of new Christian denominations and sects.  There was no going back to a unified church based at the Vatican. The Roman church tried to turn back the clock, first by force, then by its own Counter-Reformation. The Reformation set in motion decades of arguments and wars of religion that did not end until 1648. Finally, at the close of the Thirty Years' War, Europe was exhausted and peace restored. By then the passions aroused by religion were already giving way to a new spirit of  enlightenment and an openness toward scientific    discovery.